Science Spammers

Greetings! I was a working scientist and am now a scientific editor at Biotext, and the quality of academic publishing is important to me. This page is nothing but a list of journals/publishers who have sent me emails soliciting contributions to journals/monographs (I would add conferences but they are too evanescent).  Some of these publishers are likely to be predatory publishers, and open-access journals that just want your money but offer very little in return.  Of course, I could be wrong and maybe the opportunity deserves full investigation. As I said, this is just a list of journals that have solicited material from me through poorly targeted emails.

As a general point, it is absolutely imperative that any researcher looks carefully at the journals they submit work to. I would offer this advice, particularly to less-experienced researchers:

  • Society-based publishers are reliable (IUCr, APS, IoP, EPS, ACS, etc).
  • Look at the journals where you have found useful references. If one journal stands out (I have had projects where a lot of the relevant literature was to be found in JSSC, for example), then that is a great place to send your work. First, that journal will have a highly relevant audience so the right people will see your work, and secondly, you’ve been reading a bunch of papers from it and you know that they are sound. To put it another way: If you’ve never found a useful paper in a journal, don’t submit there.
  • If the journal solicits work from you, if their email has grammatical errors or strange capitalisation (look at the Scientific Research Gate journals listed below) or uses a gmail or other free webmail provider, if they promise they can publish your work within a few weeks (or sometimes days), if the fee seems very small, if they say the work will be reviewed by an ‘editorial board’ or similar, rather than through conventional peer review, if you download any of the papers from their website and they just don’t meet professional standards, ask yourself: do I trust these people? Do I want to be associated with them? Don’t forget, if they want a payment then what will they do with your payment information? Especially if you use a credit card. I mean, if they are a dodgy publisher, who’s to say they’ll treat your financial info ethically?
  • (If you have access) go to a reliable database like Web of Science (not Google) and have a look at ‘Journal Citation Reports’. If the journal is not in the database, be very wary; if it is, that’s good but not definitive. Impact factor is not everything, but it is worth a look… but make sure it is a real impact factor. Useful as it is, Google Scholar is not a viable way of evaluating a publication. A journal ‘indexed’ only on Google Scholar and similar is not really indexed.
  • If you are in materials-related sciences and the journal is not indexed in SciFinder, the CAS database, then it is probably a no go. Other fields have their own definitive indexing services. There is often no viable free alternative. You get what you pay for.
  • Look out for names that sound like real journals but are not quite. Make sure you check; the Research Journal of XYZ might be an intentional rip-off of the Journal of XYZ, for example. These can be subtle — Journal of Complicated Sciences is not the same as Journal of Complicated Science. They differ by a single ‘s’, which could be all it takes.
  • Not all impact factors are the same. One of the ‘journals’ below claimed this in its own semi-grammatical way in an email to me: ‘We are happy to announce you that IJLRET ( have Impact Factor. It was calculated on the basis of “Google Scholar Citation” of published articles. IJLRET got 2.265 Impact Factor by I2OR (International Institute of Organized Research).’ This is not a real impact factor.

To be clear, not all the journals listed below are certain to be rubbish. I have listed ones that either are rubbish, or have sent me an email which is clearly not properly targeted.  For example, I am a physicist, so if I get an email from International Journal of Plant Genomics and Fruit Bat Science (to invent a name), it will go on this list even if it is a ‘good’ journal, on the grounds that it is still spam.

The list will be added to over time. (Now alphabetised! And with added flippant remarks!) (Some journals that came from a single publisher and were all listed in a single email are grouped under the publisher name since I am lazy and it made cutting and pasting easier.)

Journals (and Publishers) that have solicited material from me and are either clearly dodgy or at least spammers

Advanced Research in Engineering & Management (Acceptance guaranteed within 3 or 4 days! Now that’s careful review!)

American Journal of Oral Medicine and Radiology (E-ISSN : 2394-7721)

American Research Journal of Chemistry

Antiferromagnets: Types, Applications and Analyses. (See Neutron Diffraction: New Research)

Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering.

Asian Journal of Research in Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Basic Research Journal of Medicine and Clinical Sciences (BRJMCS, ISSN 2315-6864) (This email was addressed to ‘Dear Dr., Ass. Prof., Prof.,’. I am ‘Dr’, but I am not ‘Dr Ass’ nor an ‘Ass Prof’. Anyway, their email to me says: “BRJMCS cover all areas of the subject as it welcome the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence that will be publish”. So you know your work will be in the hands of a quality publication… hah.)

Bioceramics Development and Applications

Boson Journal of Modern Physics

Cambridge Scholars Publishing (Now, probably not as dodgy as many on this list; comments on the web are various. Overall impression is that they are not predatory — they do not seem to ask for money up front — but also not terribly highly regarded. So more of a ‘weak’ publication than an actively bad one. But they did solicit work from me using a generic email, so I’ve put them here.)

Chemical Science International Journal (‘Previously known as American Chemical Science Journal’ — says it is indexed on CAS.)

Current Marine Engineering Research
Current Mechanical Engineering Research
Current Automotive Engineering Research               
(grouped since all Mehta Press)
Current Civil & Structural Engineering Research
Current Electrical & Electronic Engineering Research

Current Nanoscience (CNANO)

Current Topics in Pharmacology

Elixir International Journal (they’ll publish anything for money) (Here’s their semi-literate call, verbatim: ‘We are pleased to inform you that, Our Elixir Journal an interdisciplinary journal Indexed with Index Copernicus…’)

Elyns Journal of Pharmaceutical Research

Engineering and Technology Journal (Subtitled ‘peer review journal’.)

Frontiers in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (FNN)

Global Journal of Science Frontier Research (GJSFR) (From ‘Global Journals Inc.’.)

Global Journal For Research Analysis (GJRA)

Immunochemistry & Immunopathology journal

Indian Journal of Research

IntechOpen (book publisher; wants £1500 per book chapter from authors. Is listed (it says) in Web of Science, but also appears in lists of dodgy publishers and does not appear in Chem. Abs.)

International Educational Applied Scientific Research Journal (Hint to would-be predatory publishers; please get a fluent English speaker to read your websites and emails before going live.)

International Education and Research Journal (IERJ) (From their email to me: “The journal is wide and available for diverse intellectual and educational pursuit from all corners of the society to enrich the learning experience of the group readers.” Does not fill me with confidence as to the quality of their review process, but at least I know it is designed in landscape not portrait.)

International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Nano Technology (IJAENT)

International Journal of Advanced  Engineering, Management and Science (IJAEMS) ISSN:2454-1311

International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS) ISSN: 2456-1908 (Notice the variations on very similar names…)

International Journal of Advanced Research (IJAR) (This one claims an impact factor of 6.118. That would make it very prestigious if they were not a bunch of liars.)

International Journal of Applied Science and Technology (IJAST) — this one publishes on pretty much anything — Astronomy and astrophysics, Chemistry, Earth and atmospheric sciences, Physics, Biology in general, Agriculture, Biophysics and biochemistry, Botany, Environmental Science, Forestry, Genetics, Horticulture, Husbandry, Neuroscience, Zoology, Computer science, Engineering, Robotics and Automation, Materials science, Mathematics, Mechanics, MIS, Statistics, Health Care & Public Health, Nutrition and Food Science, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and so on.

International journal of Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics ISSN:2456-866X (Minuscule ‘j’ is verbatim.)

International Journal of Communications (IJC)

International Journal of Computational Engineering Research

International Journal Of Computer Science And Engineering Research

International journal of Current Advanced Research (ISSN:-NO: 2319-6475 P: 2319-6505) (Note: Capitalisation is quoted directly from the email they sent me; do you think they’ll start legal action against the next journal in the list?)

International Journal of Current Research (This is a typical example of a crap journal. It covers everything from physics to ‘People and Places’. You send your manuscript to someone with a Yahoo email address(!) and they claim a huge bogus impact factor.)

International Journal of Development Research (This one is semi-literate at best. Their email to me said: “Research paper prepared in MS word template with double – column in single spaced typed pages should be submitted electronically as attachment at E-mail Id of Journals mentioned below. The manuscripts in all the subject areas are welcome.”)

International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT)

International Journal of Engineering and Science Invention (Compare this title with the next few — variations on a theme.)

International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA)

International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT)

International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences (IJELS) ISSN: 2456-7620

International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (IJEAB) ISSN: 2456-1878

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention

International Journal of Information Research and Review (IJIRR)

International Journal of  Innovations in Engineering and  Technology (IJIET) (Idjit)

International Journal of Innovative and Applied Research (IJIAR)

International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology (IJISET, ISSN 2348 – 7968)

International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering (IJITEE)

International Journal of Inventive Engineering & Sciences (IJIES)

International Journal of Latest Engineering and Management Research (IJLEMR)

International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Applications (IJLERA)

International Journal of Latest Engineering Research and Technology  (IJLRET) (sic)

International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJLTET)

International Journal of Mathematics and Statistics Invention (IJLRET) (just as sic)

International Journal of Membrane Science and Technology (IJMST)

International Journal of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering (This is from “Graphy Publications”.)

International Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanosurgery (ISSN 2470-3206) (How badly targeted can you get?)

International Journal of Nanoparticles and Nanotechnology

International Journal of Negative Results (Like this as a name; seems defunct anyway)

International Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Drug Research

International Journal of Recent Advances in Multidisciplinary Research (IJRAMR)

International Journal of Recent Engineering Research and Development (IJRERD)

International Journal of Recent Scientific Research (I prefer the Local Journal of Really Old Scientific Research.)

International Journal of Research – GRANTHAALAYAH (Huh?)

International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science ISSN (Online): 2320-9364 ; ISSN (Print): 2320-9356

International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Biosciences (IJRPB)

International Journal of Scientific and Technical Research in Engineering (IJSTRE — see how these journals all run variations on the same themes)

International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science (IJSEAS) (‘In the successive way, submit your valuable research/knowledge as manuscript for forthcoming issue…’)

International Journal of Soft Computing and Engineering (IJSCE) (One of a bunch…)

International Review of Chemical Engineering – Rapid Communications (IRECHE)

International Review of Physics (IREPHY)

Internal Medicine Review. This lot ‘wanted’ a follow-up to an article I’d written years ago on layered magnetic materials. Obviously a very carefully targeted email.

The International Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR) (This seems to be a publisher of various journals with names of the format “IOSR Journal of Applied Physics (IOSR-JAP)”.)

International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry (Must be good — they can show you ‘transparent and straightforward testimonials‘ if they do say so themselves.)

International Review of Physics (IREPHY)

International Scientific Research Organization Journal (This one has very high standards. I mean, they take a whole two days to stick your PDF on a website: “Article will be online within 2 Working Days once you complete Final Submission”.)

IOSR Journal of Engineering (another ‘Unit of International Organization of Scientific Research’)

Note: All IOSR journals belong on this list.

Jacobs Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology

Journal of Advances in Nanomaterials

journal of Annals of Chemistry Open Access (sic).

Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach (Really? Is the namespace that full?)

Journal of Biochemical & Microbial Technology (JBMT)

Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Journal of Drug Design and Research

Journal of Evolutionary Science

Journal of Experimental Physics (Very dodgy, even by the standards of these publications! See for example this post here…… an ‘OMICS’ journal.)

Journal of Fertility Biomarkers (Yes, ‘cos that’s what I do…)

Journal of Harmonized Research in Applied Sciences (Cool — it should be a podcast.)

Journal of Le travail humain (‘of Le’ — Franglish or what?)

Journal of Materials Science and Research

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering (This is an ‘OMICS’ journal.)

Journal of Molecular and Applied Bioanalysis

Journal of Nanomedicine and Biotherapeutic Discovery (ISSN: 2155-983X)

Journal of Organic & Inorganic Chemistry (‘We truly believe that your article will be benefit for the journal.’)

Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics. (This is an ‘OMICS’ journal.)

Journal of Physics Research and Applications  (‘Through your publication we can cultivate younger generations for research and to perform front-end scientific research in the field of physics.’)

Journal of Preventive Medicine and Care (Exactly nails my discipline area…)

Journal of Progressive Research in Modern Physics and Chemistry

Journal of Research Organisation

Journal of Robotic Surgery and Artificial Intelligence (The future is now! Published within 14 days of submission, wink wink, nudge nudge, say no more, very reasonable fees.)

Journal of Science (JOS)  E-ISSN: 2277-3290, PRINT ISSN: 2277-3282

Journal of Science, Technology and Environment ISSN: 2227-9296

Journal of Scientific Achievements (JSA) (Nicely vague…)

Journal of Structural chemistry & Crystallography Communication (Capitalisation is verbatim.)

Journal of The Analgesics (Pharma Publisher)

JSM Chemistry (The are a bunch of ‘J SciMed Central’ journals. Be wary.)

Kuwait Journal of Science ISSN: 2307-4116

Kuwait Medical Journal ISSN: 0023-5776

LAP Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG (an imprint of VDM Publishing). Update: They are still at it, but now offering to publish my already-published work. Apparently they’re ‘managed by OmniScriptum AraPers GmbH’. Still avoid.

Medical Research Archives

Medcrave Publishing; I can only say never ever send them anything. Their website is semi-literate at best, their emails laughable (see Physics & Astronomy International Journal below).

Mehta Press — any number of random journals.

Modelling and Simulation in Biotechnology : Open Access Journal

Nanoscience & Nanotechnology-Asia  (A Bentham journal; these guys have got a bad reputation. Deserved or not, I am not sure. This was a request to join an editorial board. The email looked pretty professional compared to many — just a small slip up: “The journal is in its 7th successful year of publication, and is indexed by few indexing media” The website also looks sharp, and apparently they are indexed on Scopus and Chem Abs. On the other hand, a search of Bentham-related stuff on the web brings up quite a lot of negative publicity. Also, email was unsolicited and I’ve never published with them and yet they’ve contacted me. Enough points to get onto this list.)

Neutron Diffraction: New Research (This is an edited volume — not refereed science. Read around the web about Nova Science Publishers. It may be a vanity press.) They’ve also asked me to contribute to Antiferromagnets: Types, Applications and Analyses.

OMICS: Look closely at ‘OMICS Group’ or ‘OMICS International’. See here, for example.

OmniScriptum AraPers GmbH. GreaT MiX of uppEr case letters.

Open Physics Journal (Bentham)

Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs

Physics & Astronomy International Journal (this one came with an email that, amongst other things, said ‘Your acknowledgement for this email will be highly remarkable,’ and ‘Wishing to have your research/opinions in the form of piece of writing will enlighten the young researchers.’ And then when they did not have enough material: ‘Well, we need your kind support where we have planned to release the upcoming issue by end of this month but I haven’t received adequate articles, so we are unable to release the issue within the expected time frame. Hence I have chosen some illustrious people like you to support our Journal PAIJ for release this issue in due time. So will you please help us by submitting any type of article.’ They also promise instant acceptance — now that’s quality!)

Physics Research and Applications

The table below shows ‘Quest’ journals. They are at least efficient — I got just the one email, soliciting content for all of them. “Anybody can submit the soft copy his/her prepared manuscript Anytime in MS Word format by simply online submission through following link.”

.No Journal Name ISSN
1 Journal of Software Engineering and Simulation 2321–3809
2 Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering 2321–5941
3 Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering 2321-8193
4 Journal of Research Mechanical Engineering 2321-8185
5 Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Science 2321-9467
6 Journal of Research in Agriculture and Animal Science 2321-9459
7 Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Science 2347-2995
8 Journal of Research in Business and Management 2347-3002
9 Journal of Research in Environmental and Earth Sciences 2348-2532
10 Journal of Medical and Dental Science Research 2394-076X
11 Journal of Research in Applied Mathematics 2394-0743

Research Inventy: International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES) (This has to be my favourite title — it really is ‘inventy’.)

Research and Reports on Metals

Research and Reviews in Electrochemistry

From here down to the next horizontal rule are journals from ‘sciencepg’ which I suspect is trying to look like  publishers of the famous journal Science.

International Journal of Science, Technology and Society
Earth Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
American Journal of Energy Engineering
Clinical Medicine Research
American Journal of Management Science and Engineering
Applied and Computational Mathematics
American Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Humanities and Social Sciences
Automation, Control and Intelligent Systems
International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences
International Journal of Education, Culture and Society
International Journal of Materials Science and Applications
American Journal of Health Research
American Journal of Environmental Protection

Scientific Research and Essays (SRE) (Seems to take work on pretty much anything the author is prepared to pay for.)

From here down to the next horizontal rule is a list of Scientific Research Gate journals… these are presumably trying to cash in on the popular ResearchGate ( scientific social media platform. Note the semirandom capitalization and the use of ‘papers’ on the end as a way of creating a new title.

International Journal of biological papers
International Journal of Engineering papers
Journal of Botanical Papers
International Journal of agricultural papers
International Journal of Economic Papers
International Journal of multidisciplinary papers
International Journal of nursing papers
Journal of Review in Sciences
International Journal of medicine papers
International Journal of Internal Medicine Papers
International Journal of biomedical papers
Middle East Journal of Case Reports
International Journal of Public Health Papers
International Journal of Veterinary Papers
International Journal of pediatrics papers
International Journal of chemistry papers
International Journal of dentistry sciences
International Journal of pharmacology papers
International Journal of Electronic Papers
International Journal of surgical papers

Science Journal of Chemistry (I’ve seen worse looking solicitations; but they seem to be  trying to confuse the reader that they have something to do with the venerable Science; for example, website says they are the ‘Science Publishing Group’, and the journal name sounds a bit like a sub-journal of Science, a bit like how you have Nature Materials and others.)

SciFed Journal of Nuclear Science

Scottish Journal of Arts, Social Sciences and Scientific Studies (SJASS) (This one is funny — they have “peer-reviewed” and “refereed” on their web page — in quotes! So at least they’re honest about not really meaning it…)

Transylvanian Review (The email they sent me proudly proclaims: “Impact Factor for 2015 (JCR) = 0.030”. So low, it may be true!)

World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (A ‘SCIRP’ journal — have a look here for details of one of the papers this publisher put out. It relates to management on Mars.

Universal Journal of Physics and Application (ISSN: 2331-6543) (sic!)


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